Different stages of gum disease and relevant tips from an emergency dentist

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Different stages of gum disease and relevant tips from an emergency dentist

According an estimate nearly 45% of adult Britons suffer from chronic gum disease or periodontisis. This condition itself is pretty serious and not to

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According an estimate nearly 45% of adult Britons suffer from chronic gum disease or periodontisis. This condition itself is pretty serious and not to be taken lightly under any circumstance. If left ignored and untreated it can have severe repercussions for the rest of an individual’s life. Moreover considering the large number of people suffering from it, the issue must be handled with priority without any laxity. The problem is the public in general are still pretty unaware about this particular oral health issue. First let us try understanding the problem of gum disease.

What is gum disease?

  • Gum disease is an oral infection that results in irreversible loss of bones that hold your teeth in place.
  • When a considerable amount of bone gets destroyed because of the infection your teeth are bound to become loose within their sockets.
  • Gradually when you are left with insufficient bone and thus your teeth start drifting or falling apart.

It is also called periodontal disease. As we have already mentioned, this is a common oral health problem among adults. This problem surfaces because of plaque build-ups in the mouth. Plaque is a combined film of harmful bacteria and sugary residue from the foods and drinks you have had. Any sound dental health regimen includes thoroughly cleaning of the plaque build-ups from the teeth and the mouth. When plaque is not cleaned properly from the mouth gradually it infects and inflames the gums.

As already mentioned above, untreated gum disease becomes increasingly severe with time. At one stage it even results in gum recession and tooth loss. Patients who suffer from gum disease have greater chances of developing heart disease and blood sugar or diabetes. On the positive side, this particular problem is completely preventable. However, it requires little care and commitment on a patient’s side to get over this nasty problem. Most importantly one has to maintain sound oral health regimen day in and day out to stay away from gum disease.

Factors that put you at higher risk of developing gum disease

  • Habitual smoking or any other form of tobacco consumption
  • Advanced age
  • Hormonal instability (common during puberty and in pregnant women)
  • Diabetes
  • Lack of proper or balanced diet

In addition to the factors mentioned above, mental stress is also a significant factor behind gum disease.

The two best ways to avoid gum disease are –

  • Paying special attention to your daily oral hygiene and
  • Routine checkups by your dentist at regular intervals

Different stages of gum disease

Trained and experienced dentists at the renowned Emergency Dentist London Pro practice in London explain that gum disease progresses in three stages – namely Gingivitis, Periodontitis and advanced Periodontitis. Now we will pick up each of the stages closely.

Gingivitis – This is the earliest stage of gum disease. The commonest cause behind developing gingivitis is improper oral health hygiene. In many cases this stage of gum disease shows no symptom. While in others the symptoms may include swelling and reddish gums. The gums may also bleed while flossing and brushing the teeth. There is no way to take this earliest stage of gum disease lightly. It is essential to undergo proper treatment without neglecting the matter. Else with time the problem is bound to aggravate deeper, developing more severe symptoms.

Periodontitis – If proper treatment and necessary care is not provided to gingivitis then in course of time it advances to the next stage of gum disease which is Periodontitis. At this stage the harmful plaque build-up reaches below the gum line`. Furthermore it produces toxins that trigger inflammation of the gum tissues. At this stage gums are likely to recede. Even gaps between the teeth may further increase. These symptoms are pretty much noticeable. You may find the gums separating from your top or bottom teeth. Infection may even spread further to damage the supporting bones and loosening the teeth.

Advanced periodontitis – At this stage of gum disease the symptoms that appeared at the earlier stages worsen. Bone loss continues as the gum tissues swell more and the teeth become more loosen. A patient is more likely to develop temperature sensitivity with the teeth. Periodontal disease is no less frightening. The only way to stay clear of it is maintaining sound oral hygiene every day.

What are the symptoms of gum disease?

Gum disease is much easier to tackle when detected early. With proper treatment and care it is possible reversing the damages when the problem is diagnosed at the initial stages. However the problem of gum disease may not show its symptoms at the early stages. This makes dealing with the problem even more difficult. By the time you notice symptoms it has probably done its damage. Considering the fact that gum disease is tough to detect, routine visits to your dentist at regular intervals are so important. Even routine visits to an oral hygienist help early detection of gum disease.

The typical symptoms include the following –

  • Gums are little swollen and reddish as well as sensitive to touch
  • Blood comes out whenever you brush or floss the teeth
  • The problem of bad breath steadily becomes frequent
  • More of the tooth getting exposed than earlier – in other words receding gums
  • Feeling of loose teeth
  • Changes noticed in the fitting of your bite or even dentures
  • Pus coming out from the gums

If you suffer from any of these symptoms, there is no point in wasting any more time. Schedule an appointment with your dentist immediately. Only a proper diagnosis by a trained and qualified oral health practitioner can confirm whether you are suffering from gum disease.

Gum disease prevention tips

Kicking off a fresh oral health routine is quite challenging. It is even more difficult when you have sensitive gums. Using inter dental toothbrush or floss proves helpful reaching out into the space in between the teeth. Even a water flosser proves helpful in this aspect.

In order to stay safe from this horrible oral health issue you should follow the tips given below –

  • Eat a balanced diet comprising of fresh fruits, green, crunchy vegetables and nuts to boost your immune system
  • Properly brush and floss the teeth every day (Brush twice a day using soft bristled toothbrush and floss once)
  • Rinse the mouth well with an anti bacterial mouthwash at least twice a week
  • Drink plenty of water throughout the day to help your mouth stay hydrated
  • Limit sugary foods and drinks
  • Quit smoking or any other form of tobacco consumption

If you are interested in more such tips and information on relevant topics, all you have to do is go online and search using strings like “emergency dentist in London near me”. We are a trusted oral health practice that readily caters to every section of the society.