Sun. Jun 26th, 2022
Screening Tests

Do you know that a screening test can help to identify probable health problems or disorders in people who do not possess any symptoms? Well, the objective is to detect early and changes in your lifestyle to lessen the risk of any disease. This will enable you to perform the treatment in the most effective way. Screening tests are not diagnostic, but they can help to detect a subset of the population for further testing and know about the presence of any disease.

When can a screening test be helpful?

With the help of a screening test, you can find out potential issues and lessen confusing or unclear results. Though screening tests are not completely accurate in all cases, it seems to be more valuable to conduct them at the right time according to your healthcare provider. But there are certain screening tests which can lead to further problems for the ones who do not have greater risk for disease.

About common screening tests

You need to talk to a healthcare provider about the frequency and timing of all screening tests, according to your age, medical record and health condition. Some examples of screening tests include:

Cholesterol measurements – Cholesterol is actually a waxy kind of substance present in all body parts. It can help in producing certain hormones, Vitamin D and cell membranes. The cholesterol present in your blood generally comes from two sources – the food you eat and produce in the liver. But the liver can produce all cholesterol your body requires.

Cholesterol and other fats may be transported into the bloodstream as spherical particles known as lipoproteins. The two common lipoproteins are – bad cholesterol or low-density lipoproteins (LDL) and good cholesterol or high- density lipoproteins (HDL).

Cholesterol screening can be done through a blood test. People who have high cholesterol measurements from their blood sample seem to have greater risk for cardiovascular disease or CVD than the ones with cholesterol in the normal range. According to studies, people with high cholesterol can decrease the risk for heart disease by lowering cholesterol levels. You should know that people may still have heart disease even with cholesterol levels in their normal range.

Fecal occult blood test

Fecal occult blood can be detected with the help of microscopic analysis or through chemical tests for hemoglobin in stool. People having blood in their stool may have cancerous growth indication for colorectal cancer. The test will need collection of 3 stool samples examined under the microscope for blood. When there is blood in stool sample, it may be for other non-cancerous factors like certain foods or medications, hemorroids or gastrointestinal bleeding. The testing starts from 50 years.

Pap test or Pap smear

Pap smears are cell samples which you take from the cervix in women to detect cellular changes which denote cervical cancer. Pap smear is a screening test for sexually active women below 65 years to detect cancer at a stage when there are usually no symptoms. You need to know that a Pap smear can be referred as unusual though it might not mean a person is suffering from cervical cancer.

Prostrate specific antigen or PSA

The blood test calculates the levels of prostate specific antigen or PSA in your blood. Antigens are certain substances that can evoke responses from the immune system of a person. The prostate specific antigen levels may elevate in the presence of prostate cancer. But it is important to know other benign prostate conditions may even elevate PSA like benign prostatic hyperplasia or BPH.This can be non-cancerous swelling of your prostate and the PSA test is not suggested for all men. The pros and cons of PSA screening should be discussed with your healthcare provider always before testing. Some cons include – unwanted costs, unnecessary testing and procedures and increased anxiety.


The mammography screening for breast cancer should be done after 50 years in every 1 year to 2 years. The test should be done together with clinical breast examination.


Thescreening for colon polyps or colon cancer at 50 years or early when you have a family history or other risk factors.

Prediabetes or diabetes

All adults need to be screened for prediabetes or diabetes from 45 years despite weight. Individuals who do not have any symptoms of diabetes need to be screened when they are obese or overweight and have one or more risk factors of diabetes.

Thus, you need to contact private health screening London and consult with doctor about all these and other kinds of screening tests, depending on your medical condition.

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